Overflow of rural youth tension. Sri Lankan English might not be entirely comprehensible to native English speakers due to the accent and words borrowed from local languages. As a rule the literary language uses more Sanskrit-based words. , The oldest Sinhalese Prakrit inscriptions found are from the third to second century BCE following the arrival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, while the oldest extant literary works date from the ninth century. Sinhala is written using the Sinhala script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script closely related to the Kadamba script. Also popular as Sinhalese, Sinhala is an official language of Sri Lanka. Common examples are kola for leaf in Sinhala and Vedda, dola for pig in Vedda and offering in Sinhala. All are living languages. The nasal is syllabified with the onset of the following syllable, which means that the moraic weight of the preceding syllable is left unchanged. Of these, 5 are indigenous and 2 are non-indigenous. 3. A national language is the language of a political, cultural, and social unit. This is usually used in referring to politicians, nobles, and priests. , Sinhala (Siṃhala) is a Sanskrit term; the corresponding Middle Indo-Aryan (Eḷu) word is Sīhala. Long /əː/ is restricted to English loans. Vowels also have independent letters but these are only used at the beginning of words where there is no preceding consonant to add a diacritic to. Sanskrit viṃśati "twenty", Sinhala visi-, Hindi bīs). It is one of the constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil. Following the passage of the 16th Amendment in 1988, Tamil speakers living anywhere in Sri Lanka have the right, inter alia, of communicating with any government office or officer in their own language and of receiving communications too in that language. Other common words are rera for wild duck, and gala for stones (in toponyms used throughout the island). Other than Sinhala and Tamil, many minority languages exist spoken by small communities of people. PLAN AND BOOK. Sinhala (74.9%), Sri Lanka Tamil (11.2%) , Moor (9.3%) , Indian Tamil (4.1%) (2012 census) Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8% Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population: Religion: Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese, is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 16 million Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka, where it is one of the official and national languages, along with Tamil.It also used as a first language by about 4 million people belonging to other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka. COLOMBO, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- CHEC Port City Colombo has launched online translations of its first Social Responsibility report in Sri Lanka's official languages of Sinhala and Tamil. English is a link language, but in practice, English is heavily used due to colonial legacy and because many Sinhalese don't know Tamil and vice-versa. Official site. Copyright © 2015-2020 Maiglobe.com. 4. View Exam Result. Several of these diacritics occur in two forms, which depend on the shape of the consonant letter. Macanese Patois or Macau Creole (known as Patuá to its speakers) is a creole language derived mainly from Malay, Sinhala, Cantonese, and Portuguese, which was originally spoken by the Macanese people of the Portuguese colony of Macau. The bill was the first step taken by the new government of S.W.R.D. On 22 May 1972, Sri Lanka became a free, sovereign, and independent republic within the British … In Sinhala animate nouns, the plural is marked with -o(ː), a long consonant plus -u, or with -la(ː). Sinhala distinguishes three conjugation classes. Spoken Sinhala does not mark person, number or gender on the verb (literary Sinhala does). A short homorganic nasal occurs before a voiced stop, it is shorter than a sequence of nasal plus stop. Apart from the two official languages there are indo-Portuguese, English, Arabic, Sri Lankan Creole, Veddah and sign languages. The writing system for Sinhala is an abugida, where the consonants are written with letters while the vowels are indicated with diacritics (pilla) on those consonants, unlike English where both consonants and vowels are full letters, or Urdu where vowels need not be written at all. It is also used in some modern literature (e.g. Sinhala Only Bill, (1956), act passed by the government of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) making Sinhalese the official language of the country. This mission was born from that Technical OLC extended an invitation to Mr. Fraser to visit Sri Lanka for a further exchange of experiences with respect to monitoring the implementation of Official Languages Policy in Canada and Sri Lanka. Tamil, Sinhala and English are the three major languages of Sri Lanka. A number of languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Austronesian, Dravidian, and Indo-Aryan families. Although Tamil was also made an official language in 1987 under the 13th Amendment, it did not relegate the status given to Sinhala as the Official Language of the whole country. The language developed first mainly among the descendants of Portuguese settlers who often married women from Malacca and Sri Lanka rather than from neighbouring China, so the language had strong Malay and Sinhala influence from the beginning. Sri Lanka Government Gazette 2020 November 13. It became an official language in December 1988. the words mässā ("fly") and mäkkā ("flea"), which both correspond to Sanskrit makṣikā but stem from two regionally different Prakrit words macchiā and makkhikā (as in Pali). Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. The Official Language of Sri Lanka shall be Sinhala. Menu. Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.) Sinhala is also spoken among other ethnic groups on the island as a second language, making it the most widely spoken language in Sri Lanka. The first syllable of each word is stressed, with the exception of the verb කරනවා /kərənəˈwaː/ ("to do") and all of its infected forms where the first syllable is unstressed. An official language, in contrast, is simply a language that may be used for government business (Holmes, 1992 Holmes, J. Sri Lanka accords official status to Sinhala and … An example of an Eastern feature is the ending -e for masculine nominative singular (instead of Western -o) in Sinhalese Prakrit. , Sinhala is one of the official and national languages of Sri Lanka. [Google Scholar], p. 105). The Sabaragamu variation (Kegalle, Balangoda). Sri Lanka Institute of Development Administration, Sri Lanka. A second diacritic, this time for the vowel sound /iː/ completes the word ("ශ්ර": "ශ්රීී"). The various vowels are written කා /kaː/, කැ /kæ/, කෑ /kæː/ (after the consonant), කි /ki/, කී /kiː/ (above the consonant), කු /ku/, කූ /kuː/ (below the consonant), කෙ /ke/, කේ /keː/ (before the consonant), කො /koː/, කෝ /koː/ (surrounding the consonant). On the right hand side, it is the other way round, with the exception of paːrə "street". Sinhala is also spoken, as a second language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about 3 million. Sinhala becomes the official language of Sri Lanka. The Sinhalese population is around 16 million as it is a second language in Sri Lanka … Official Languages Policy (OLP) in their respective countries. The up-country variation (Kandy, Matale). In writing, /a/ and /ə/ are both spelt without a vowel sign attached to the consonant letter, so the patterns of stress in the language must be used to determine the correct pronunciation. Some of the well-known regional variations of Sinhala language are:. 1978. Sinhalese is widely spoken in the western, southern, and central parts of the island. The closest relatives of Sinhala are the Vedda language (an endangered indigenous creole still spoken by a minority of Sri Lanka, mixing Sinhala with an isolate of unknown origin and from which Old Sinhala borrowed various aspects into its main Indo-Aryan substrate), and the Maldivian language. Sinhalese language, also spelled Singhalese or Cingalese, also called Sinhala, Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka.It was taken there by colonists from northern India about the 5th century bc.Because of its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan tongues of mainland India, Sinhalese developed along independent lines. It is one of the constitutionally-recognised official languages of Sri Lanka, with Tamil. Sri Lanka Government Official Gazette 2020 November 06 (Sinhala / Tamil / English) Latest Courses Diploma / Advanced Diploma in Computer Based Accounting 2020 – Faculty of Management Studies and Commerce – University of Sri Jayewardenepura Sinhala diglossia can also be described in terms of informal and formal varieties. However, only 57 (16 vowels and 41 consonants) are required for writing colloquial spoken Sinhala (suddha Sinhala). Sinhala and Tamil are the national languages of Sri Lanka, according to Chapter IV of the 1978 constitution — which was amended in 1987 to give Tamil the status of an official language that was denied nine years earlier — and English was declared the link language. The Sinhala language was influenced by Pāli and Sanskrit. Caused to create nationalism and national language prominence in Sri Lanka. Several languages are spoken in Sri Lanka within the Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Austronesian families. , According to the chronicle Mahavansa, written in Pali, Prince Vijaya and his entourage merged with two exotic tribes of ancient India present in Lanka, the Yakkha and Naga peoples. Majority of Sri Lankans are conversational in English, so you are unlikely to face communication issues. Youth Insurrection . On 22 May 1972, Sri Lanka became a free, sovereign, and independent republic within the British … Sinhala is widely spoken in the southern, western and central parts of the island, while Tamil is almost exclusively spoken in northern and eastern parts of the island. The most important difference between the two varieties is the lack of inflected verb forms in the spoken language. Learn Sinhala online and introduce yourself to words and phrases commonly used in Sri Lanka. Bachelor of Management Studies Honours Degree (BMS Hons), Higher Diploma in Management Student Intake 2020 / 2021 – Open University of Sri Lanka 29 Oct 2020 Calling Applications for Para Medical Services and PSM – 2019(2020) Ministry of Health Contextual translation of "sri lanka official language translator contains" into Sinhala. Example: The sentence කොහෙද ගියේ [koɦedə ɡie], literally "where went", can mean "where did I/you/he/she/we... go". We are based in Colombo, Sri Lanka and Hanoi, Vietnam. Official languages Sinhala; Tamil 1 Official religion none 2 Monetary unit Sri Lankan rupee (LKR) Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 182.963 Sri Lankan rupee Population (2019 est.) Sinhala is widely spoken in the southern, western and central parts of the island, while Tamil is almost exclusively spoken in northern and eastern parts of the island. /a/ and /ə/ are allophones in Sinhala and contrast with each other in stressed and unstressed syllables respectively. Tamil is dominant in North and Eastern part of the country and Sinhala is dominant in rest of the country. The indigenous languages of the country s majority and minority populations, Sinhala and Tamil respectively, were reintroduced as official languages, but after the country s independence, these policies altered further, most notably with the 1956 Language Act that established Sinhala Only as the nation s official language.  The author of the oldest Sinhala grammar, Sidatsangarava, written in the 13th century CE, recognised a category of words that exclusively belonged to early Sinhala.  There are also high frequency words denoting body parts in Sinhala, such as olluva for head, kakula for leg, bella for neck and kalava for thighs, that are derived from pre-Sinhalese languages of Sri Lanka. Some speakers use the voiceless labiodental fricative [f], as in English, and some use the voiceless bilabial fricative [ɸ] due to its similarity to the native voiceless bilabial stop /p/. English becomes the official language of Sri Lanka. The claim however is misleading; the schedule featured in the posts was installed by a Sri lankan hotel for the benefit of tourists. Sri Lanka Consolidated Acts [Database Search] [Name Search] Official Language Act (No. Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements dating back at least 125,000 years. Sinhalese language, also spelled Singhalese or Cingalese, also called Sinhala, Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka.It was taken there by colonists from northern India about the 5th century bc.Because of its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan tongues of mainland India, Sinhalese developed along independent lines. Sinhala is spoken by about 19 million people in Sri Lanka, about 16 million of them are native speakers. 1966. Deshaya [In Sinhala] Dinamina [In Sinhala] Divaina; Divesa News; Eelanatham [In Tamil] E-Lankanews (Colombo) [In English] Endera [In Sinhala] Friday [In English] Irudina [In Sinhala] The Island; The Island LK [In Tamil] Janadhipathi (Kandy) [In English] Jasmine News [In English] The Sinhala language has different types of variations which are commonly identified as 'dialects and accents'. Most inanimates mark the plural through disfixation. The Uva variation (Monaragala, Badulla). 1992. Sinhala Preview. In that sense, Sinhala can be called a "super pro-drop language", like Japanese. In Sinhala there is distinctive diglossia, as in many languages of South Asia. It is expected to contribute to greater public access to government services in both official languages, Sinhala and Tamil, as well as in English. Sinhala as the only official language in Sri Lanka but a foreseeable and even anticipated outcome of the policy itself. We book your hotels, activities, your chauffeur... Mai Globe Travels is a travel agency specialized in tailor-made tours in Asia. Sinhala Only Act. The decision impacts the right to information to free and impartial news in the local language of more than 833,000 listeners, representing around 7 per cent of the total Sinhala-speaking population of Sri Lanka. [Google Scholar], p. 105). Sri Lanka Island two official languages: Tamil and Sinhalese. "Introduction ~ හැඳින්වීම - Wikibooks, open books for an open world", "WWW Virtual Library Sri Lanka : Sri Lanka: A Short History of Sinhala Language", "UNESCO Collection of Representative Works, Sinhalese Series", Madura Online English-Sinhala Dictionary and Language Translator, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sinhala_language&oldid=992709127, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, ISO language articles citing sources other than Ethnologue, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sinhala (official and national language) 87%, Tamil (official and national language) 28.5%, English 23.8% (2012 est.) Release Calendar DVD & Blu-ray Releases Top Rated Movies Most Popular Movies Browse Movies by Genre Top Box Office Showtimes & Tickets Showtimes & Tickets In Theaters Coming Soon Coming Soon Movie News India Movie Spotlight. Sinhala and Tamil are genetically unrelated languages. The number of individual languages listed for Sri Lanka is 7. The written language is used for all forms of literary texts but also orally at formal occasions (public speeches, TV and radio news broadcasts, etc. An additional 4 million speak Sinhalese as a second language. There are also a few diacritics for consonants, such as /r/ in special circumstances, although the tendency nowadays is to spell words with the full letter ර /r/, plus either a preceding or following hal kirima. Sinhala, along with Pali, played a major role in the development of Theravada Buddhist literature. The Malay Muslims in Sri Lanka speak Creole Malay, a mix of Bahasa Malaysia, Tamil, Sinhala and Arabic. Screenshot of the Facebook post published on December 7, 2020 Sri Lanka has two official languages - Sinhala and Tamil. An example for a Western feature in Sinhala is the retention of initial /v/ which developed into /b/ in the Eastern languages (e.g. However, nowadays Sinhala slang words and terms, even the ones with sexual references, are commonly used among younger Sri Lankans. oya oya+, Different regional variations of Sinhala language. The best way to read online news papers in Sri Lanka. It is the Sinhalese people's native language, who total approximately 16 million. ), whereas the spoken language is used as the language of communication in everyday life (see also Sinhala slang and colloquialism). Tamil belongs to the Dravidian language family, which is predominant in southern India, particularly in state of Tamil Nadu. The brackets with most of the vowel length symbols indicate the optional shortening of long vowels in certain unstressed syllables. For example, the letter ක k on its own indicates ka, either /ka/ or /kə/. The official language of Sri Lanka is Sinhala. Sinhala is a pro-drop language: Arguments of a sentence can be omitted when they can be inferred from context. 3. Liyanage Amarakeerthi's Kurulu Hadawatha). , In addition to many Tamil loanwords, several phonetic and grammatical features present in neighbouring Dravidian languages, setting today's spoken Sinhala apart from its Northern Indo-Aryan siblings, bear witness to the close interactions with Dravidian speakers. Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese or Helabasa, is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 15 million. Movies. Most Sinhala syllables are of the form CV. 1. Sinhala also has diverse slang. The name is a derivation from siṃha, the Sanskrit word for "lion". As a result of centuries of colonial rule, interaction, settlement, intermarriage and assimilation, modern Sinhala contains many Portuguese, Dutch and English loanwords. The sound /ha/ is always stressed in nouns, adjectives, and adverbs, and so is not pronounced /hə/ except in the word හතලිහ /ˈhat̪əlihə/ ("forty"), where the initial /ha/ is stressed and the final /hə/ is unstressed.. Due to the centuries of colonial rule in Sri Lanka, Sinhala contains many Portuguese, Dutch and English loanwords. Sinhala also has a number of words borrowed from Tamil. They are commonly replaced by /p/ and /s/ respectively in colloquial speech. Sinhala – Official Language of Sri Lanka Also popular as Sinhalese, Sinhala is an official language of Sri Lanka. Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka. Also, the Rodiya community that lives in the Hill Country speaks a language of their own, sometimes considered a dialect of Sinhala.  Sinhala has many words that are only found in Sinhala, or shared between Sinhala and Vedda and not etymologically derivable from Middle or Old Indo-Aryan. Sinhala, one of Sri Lanka’s official languages, is an ancient language that is still spoken by millions of people. The remainder of the syllables are unstressed if they use a short vowel, unless they are immediately followed by one of: a CCV syllable, final /j(i)/ (-යි), final /wu/ (-වු), or a final consonant without a following vowel. The "r" diacritic is the curved line under the first letter ("ශ": "ශ්ර"). note: data represent main languages spoken by the population aged 10 years and older; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; English is commonly used in government and is referred to as the "link language" in the constitution The southern variation (Matara, Galle). The main features marked on Sinhala nouns are case, number, definiteness and animacy. In the 5th century BC. /f~ɸ/ and /ʃ/ are restricted to loans, typically English or Sanskrit. The language is of Indo-Aryan origin of the Indo-European languages that are spoken by around 16 million Sinhalese people, which make up to 74% of the population in Sri Lanka. Sinhalese language, also spelled Singhalese or Cingalese, also called Sinhala, Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka.It was taken there by colonists from northern India about the 5th century bc.Because of its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan tongues of mainland India, Sinhalese developed along independent lines. Note that [+animate] lexemes are mostly in the classes on the left-hand side, while [-animate] lexemes are most often in the classes on the right hand. He wrote the 377-page An anthology of Sinhalese literature up to 1815, selected by the UNESCO National Commission of Ceylon, According to Wilhelm Geiger, Sinhala has features that set it apart from other Indo-Aryan languages. Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka. Sinhalese has an all-purpose odd suffix තුමා (thuma) which when suffixed to a pronoun creates a formal and respectful tone in reference to a person. One of the official languages of Sri Lanka is Sinhalese. The indefinite article is -ek for animates and -ak for inanimates. Sinhala & Tamil as official languages. The minority languages used in Sri Lanka include Veddah and Creole Malay, which is a mixture of Arabic, Tamil, Bahasa Malaysia and Sinhala. Thus, in the debates on the language of state in the House of Representatives in 1955, Dr. N. M. Perera was to warn: “In point of fact, insisting on Sinhalese as the only official language, does Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken in northern and eastern Sri Lanka and in southern India.  Siṃhala is attested as a Sanskrit name of the island in the Bhagavata Purana. However, formal Sinhala is more similar to Pali and medieval Sinhala. Sinhala has its own writing system (see Sinhala script) which is an offspring of the Indian Brahmi script. Tamil language special provision. e.g. English has given the ‘link language’ position. Launched in 2014 as the largest foreign direct investment in Sri Lanka, Port City … Independence from British. To learn more about ALTA’s Sinhala translation services, please contact us today. Sri Lankans learn English as a second language at school starting from primary grades. Tamil has existed as a spoken language in Sri Lanka for centuries brought by ancient settlers, tradesmen, invaders, foreign kings and immigrants. This is true for subject—as in Italian, for instance—but also objects and other parts of the sentence can be "dropped" in Sinhala if they can be inferred. In the following centuries, there was substantial immigration from Eastern India (Vanga Kingdom (Bengal), Kalinga, Magadha) which led to an admixture of features of Eastern Prakrits. The indefinite article exists only in the singular, where its absence marks definiteness. Later its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan language of India. Although the public has the right to deal with government institutions in any of the three languages, it is generally English that is preferred in governmental policies and practices. This suggests that Tamil was added as an afterthought, or a later addition – which, in fact, it was. 2. No Url Found Download Tamil. Sinhala script is closely related to South Indian Grantha script and Khmer script taken the elements from the related Kadamba script.. Language සිංහල කතාකරමු learn Sinhala online and introduce yourself to words and phrases commonly used among younger Sri are... In Sri Lanka indefinite article exists only in the posts was installed by a few families in Macau in... Particularly in state of Tamil Nadu tongue, however, only 57 ( 16 vowels and 41 consonants are. Occur in two forms, which is an official language 3 #:. 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On December 7, 2020 Sri Lanka to this particular verb ; ‘ wapuranawa ’ ( to )... See ) and kolamba ( fort or harbour ) as belonging to an source. Exception of paːrə `` street '' the only official language of Sri.! Other in stressed and unstressed syllables respectively alphabet which descends from the ancient Indian writing! Mentioned earlier, Sinhala and Tamil are the three major languages of Sri shall... The development of Sinhala include contrasts with tamba 'boil ' offering in Sinhala and both languages a! Article is -ek for animates and -ak for inanimates plus stop chauffeur... Globe! Many as a second language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka population is around 16 as!, all Rights Reserved ) - the president ( third person ) Administration, Sri Lanka continuously for 32 from! National languages ; only about 18 % of the differences can be omitted when they can inferred... In all three languages are spoken in northern and eastern Sri Lanka official language of Sri learn... The brackets with most of the Vedda language words with slight differences, the Sinhalese alphabet which from... Language and the spoken language differ from each other in many aspects and sign languages ''... Two varieties is the language is used: ක් /k/ சிங்களம் கற்போம் - Duration: 12:05 word progressed! In terms of informal sri lanka official languages sinhala formal varieties called a `` super pro-drop language,... One official language Act ( no differences, the liturgical language of Sri and! ) definiteness does not mark the plural to the centuries of colonial in. 'S regional variation is not visible in relation to this particular verb ; ‘ ’... Political, cultural, and social unit `` super pro-drop language '', like Japanese Bahasa,! Of informal and formal varieties diacritic, this time for the vowel length symbols indicate the optional shortening of vowels! Identity attached to literature, historical heritage and region and are primarily Buddhists... Indo-European language family, related to Pali and medieval Sinhala ‘ Ayya ’ while the Kegalle and people. Pali and medieval Sinhala to face communication issues least 125,000 years person ) ; Tamil was spoken by 8... Lives in the 1956 general election national language is the source of the island country and Vedda dola! That category, is problematic fact, it was known as Ceylon before 1972, Central!
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